In almost all criminal cases, there arises the need to examine the crime scene, the forensic evidence found there and to produce findings from this evidence.
The advantage of forensic evidence opposite other pieces of evidence is that forensic evidence cannot be distorted, it is not subject to the authority of any person, and it does not have any agenda of its own.
The prosecutor’s office relies on the police apparatus (and mainly on their DIFS – Department of Identification and Forensic Service) to produce the forensic evidence to be submitted in court.
The experts at the Institute of Forensic Science are specialists concerning all examinations of forensic evidence; they can handle this evidence in court, explain it and the meaning of the results obtained from it and represent the possible scenarios on the basis of the evidence and its results. From this point of view, the Institute of Forensic Science fulfills the same task for the defense which the police expert fulfill for the prosecutor’s office.